Message from Muhammad Nawaz Sharif, the Prime Minister of Islamic Republic of Pakistan for the International Conference on Iqbal and the Asian Renaissance [delivered by Senator Javid Iqbal], Kuala Lumpur, 3-5 June 1997
|Allama Muhamad Iqbal, the poet-philosopher of Pakistan, uniquely
combined political leader, sublime poet, visionary, philosopher and expositor of wisdom in
his person. His knowledge of classical poetry, philosophy and religion was unexcelled
among his contemporaries and his works covering the experiences of truth of the entire
pre-modern and modern world revolutionised many fields and infused a new spirit into the
These aspects of his thought and personality would be discussed and elaborate upon by the learned assembly that meets under the auspices of the Institute of Policy Research and the patronage of Dato Seri Anwar Ibrahim, the Deputy Prime Minister. I have no intention to trespass on the fields which properly belong to the scholars of Iqbal studies but as the Prime Minister of Pakistan and as a very humble student of Iqbal, I deem it my honour to pay my homage to the cherished memory of the great poet, sage, philosopher and thinker on this celebrated occasion.
My religious upbringing in student days in Lahore, the city of Iqbal, and the community life permeated as it was with his verses and ideas imbued in me a profound sense of respect for Iqbal and his ideas, through these idea, an attitude of tolerance and a sincere and fervent belief that all of us belong to only one community and that is the universal community of mankind.
Iqbal not only fought for humanitarian ideals but inculcated in his person the life of the mind, the arts and imagination thus transcending the cultural specificity to inhabit the realm of universal ideas. He sought to reinvigorate the Asian self, fractured and deformed by colonialism and tried to demonstrate that Asian and Asian traditions are part and parcel of a world built on the dignity of man, an idea which should not be taken as the exclusive domain of the west.
Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born at the stage of history when almost all the Eastern and most of the Muslim countries were living a miserable life under the yoke of Western imperialism. At that time, oriental nations were not only politically enslaved but also had the zeal of life and courage to get rid of the yoke of the aliens rule. The Western alien rilers even made them doubtful about their splendid intellectual and cultural heritage. He was convinced that these forces remained active behind the long process of decline and decay of the Eastern nations. This revolutionary poet inspired the slave nations to rise up and steer their ship towards the shores of liberty and freedom. He says:
No doubt Iqbals message of liberty and freedom played an effective role in reawakening of the East and inspiring them to wage a struggle against the foreign rule.
Iqbals work show that he was a keen reader of history. He opined that until and unless they attain liberation from alien rule they would not become in a position to be the standard-bearers of a dynamic civilisation as they had been in the past.
Faith in God and unceasing and untiring action is the essence of his message. And in this he emerges not only truly Islamic but also truly human and universal. Iqbal thought that Muslim unity is a fruit of common faith and such a religious binding and compulsion on every true Muslim aiming at the independence, solidarity and welfare of the Muslims. But the Western propagandists took that the fulfilment of this idea could make an end to their exploitation and imperialism. So they started a malicious propaganda campaign against this innocuous idea and called it an aggressive movement under the name of the Pan-Islamism. Iqbal had to condemn this propaganda in the strongest terms.
Iqbal said, "I have no prejudice against any community or nation in the world. All I want is to see Islam return to its pristine simplicity". Clarifying the impression of "Pan-Islamism", he says, "Islam does not recognise caste or race or colour question, at least in the Muslim world, a question which modern European civilisation, with all its achievements in science and philosophy, has not been able to solve Pan-Islamism is only Pan-Humanism.
In 1923, in one of his longer poem, he said:
The idea of guardianship may not be understood in an economic or political sense only. It is primarily and above all a matter of civilisational and intellectual issues as the East has always been the repository of wisdom and spirituality, and it is through focusing on the protagonists of his wisdom and spirituality that the East can make significant contribution to the civilisational dialogue. It is in this respect that the Conference Muhammad Iqbal and the Asian Renaissance is to be regarded as an extremely important stop toward this all important goal and I whole-heatedly associate myself with the present theme, which is directly related to us, and to the forthcoming events in the series and pray that it would be helpful in creating a just and peaceful world order.
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